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What Are the 10 Common Types of Sports Injuries? Examples, Causes



What are the 10 most common types of sports injuries?

These are the ten most common types of sports injuries, including muscle tension, shin splints, lower back pain, shoulder injuries, and runner’s knees.

Sports injuries are those that occur while participating in sports or exercising, which can result in:

  • Overtraining
  • Lack Fitness
  • Weak form or strategy

Properly warming up reduces the chances of injury.

Below are ten common types of sports injuries, as well as their causes, symptoms, and treatment.

10 common types of sports injuries

  1. Tension

    • Muscle tension is quite common and can occur in any sport. When a muscle stretches too far or exceeds its tensile load, tiny holes are made in it, resulting in a strain.
      • Reasons:
        • Athletes of all kinds can pull muscles for the following reasons:
          • Inadequate warm-up activities
          • Muscle fatigue
          • Lack of flexibility
          • Muscle Weakness
      • Symptoms:
        • Pain When applying pressure to a muscle area (stretching or loading)
        • Swelling or inflammation
        • Weakness
        • Pain
        • Redness
      • Treatment:
        • Immediately rest, apply ice, apply compresses and (RICE) boost
        • Anti-inflammatory Of drugs Helpful after 24 hours
        • Gentle Pain– Free extension after 48 hours
        • Start pain-free activities as soon as possible
        • Once the injury has healed enough, you can start a game, but you should take breaks to stretch repeatedly until you are completely healed.
      • Resistance:
        • Stretch properly before and after Exercise
        • Make sure you have thoroughly conditioned your muscles before exercising
        • Avoid working on tired or weak muscles
  2. Shin splint

    • Shin splint A common phrase for shin discomfort (usually inside the shin). This is called medial tibial Stress Syndrome
      • Reasons:
        • Caused by inflammation of the muscles and their attachment to the shin bone (tibia)
        • When you wear worn-out shoes or jump or run on rough terrain, the intensity of the workout may increase compared to a normal level.
        • In most cases there is a biomechanical trigger
      • Symptoms:
        • Pain to touch the area
        • Occasional swelling
        • Pain in jogging and walking
        • Dull, aching pain on both sides of the shinbone or muscles
      • Treatment:
        • Apply the rice method
        • Stretching
        • Anti-inflammatory painkillers
        • A good biomechanical test of leg posture, gluteal muscle strength, and core stability for improved lower limb control.
      • Prevention:
        • Wear good shoes
        • Cross training
        • Stretching
        • Do not increase the intensity of the workout too fast
  3. Lower back pain

    • Lower-back discomfort is commonly felt by runners, bikers, golfers, tennis players and baseball players. Discomfort may include swollen discs, back cramps, Stress FractureAnd Sciatica.
      • Reasons:
        • Improper training strategy
        • Weakness (especially of core muscles)
        • Poor preparation
        • Slight differences in leg length can also cause back discomfort
        • Weak lower limb biomechanics
        • Insufficient footwear
      • Symptoms:
        • Muscle cramps
        • Restrictions on movement, such as bending or straightening
        • Often painful while sitting or standing
      • Treatment:
        • Rest from stimulating activity
        • Anti-inflammatory drugs
        • Mild pain-free stretching
        • Can apply heat to the area
        • Orthotic lift
      • Prevention:
        • Warm up properly before exercising
        • Having a good strong core (abdominal, gluteal muscles, etc.)
  4. Shoulder collision

    • Shoulder obstruction can occur in any activity that requires lots of overhead movement. Tennis, SwimmingWeightlifting, baseball and volleyball are sports that are prone to shoulder injuries.
      • Reasons:
        • Excessive use of the shoulder
        • Pressed Circular ring
        • Weak shoulder and scapular muscle control
      • Symptoms:
      • Treatment:
        • Apply the rice method
        • Anti-inflammatory drugs
        • Graded rehabilitation strengthening program for shoulder and scapular muscles
      • Prevention:
        • Strengthen muscles by doing specific weight training exercises before sports.
  5. Runner’s knee

    • Knee injury All sports account for about 55 percent of injuries. It can affect any athlete, including runners, cyclists, soccer and volleyball players.
      • Reasons:
        • Weak quadriceps
        • Related muscle group density
        • Imbalance around the knee
        • Poor pelvic control
        • Wrong or worn shoes
        • Overtraining
      • Symptoms:
        • Knee discomfort below the knee and on both sides of the knee, especially deep bending of the knee or prolonged sitting
        • Swelling in the knees
        • Pain is especially noticeable when climbing stairs
      • Treatment:
        • Rest
        • Pain medicine
        • Strength training
        • When you resume your workout, make sure you are warming up properly and then, apply ice to your knees for about 20 minutes.
      • Prevention:
        • Wear good shoes
        • Replace worn shoes
        • The grade is yours Running Or Exercise Activities
        • Choose a soft moving surface, such as an indoor track instead of a hard pavement
        • Strengthen your quadriceps and gluteal muscles through weight training
        • Take a break, stop before you get tired
        • Stay hydrated before, during and after running
        • Extend before and after the activity
  6. Tennis elbow

    • Reasons:
      • Tennis elbow Repetitive motion in activities such as tennis, golf, and badminton results in overwork.
      • The muscles responsible for pulling the wrist back can be irritated and damaged
      • Foreman tendons on the side of the elbow tend to be inflamed, causing severe discomfort
    • Symptoms:
      • Pain when the outside of the elbow is touched or the wrists or fingers are pushed back
      • Bending the door knock and holding or carrying heavy objects can increase the discomfort and spread it under the arm.
    • Treatment:
      • Apply the rice method
      • Anti-inflammatory drugs
      • Physiotherapy exercises
    • Prevention:
      • Maintain body position during swing
      • Specific prehab exercises that strengthen the arm
      • One to wear Tennis elbow Whip
  7. Achilles tendonitis

    • Achilles tendonitis is a common ailment among runners and athletes who participate in sports that require a lot of jumping. Achilles tendon swelling, which connects the calf muscle to the heel bone.
    • The Achilles tendon is extremely strong, but it is not particularly flexible, making it prone to micro-tearing, which causes inflammation.
      • Reasons:
        • Weak leg biomechanics
        • Wrong footwear
      • Symptoms:
        • Pain in the back of the ankle, just above the ankle, especially when trying to lift the toes
        • Occasional swelling
      • Treatment:
        • Protection, rest, ice, contraction, and PRICE methods
        • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs)
        • Gently stretch the calf
        • The wall stretches
        • Toe raising and balance
      • Prevention:
        • Warm-up before expanding
        • Exercises that strengthen the calf muscles
  8. Sprained ankle

    • Reasons:
      • When the foot inadvertently twists inwards, the outer ligaments of the ankle expand and rupture.
      • Ankle Sprain Sports require almost unavoidable, specialized foot movements, such as jumping, quick turns, and sprinting.
    • Symptoms:
      • Immediate pain in position
      • Swelling around the outside of the ankle
      • The injured area becomes soft and feels restless
    • Treatment:
      • Apply rice immediately for 48 to 72 hours
      • Medication (NSAIDs after 24 hours)
      • Wearing ankles Brace During the healing process
      • Once healed, increase ankle control with balance exercises
    • Prevention:
      • Exercise regularly to strengthen the muscles around the ankles
  9. Connection

    • Reasons:
      • Brain damage due to head injury (swelling)
      • It occurs frequently in sports such as soccer, boxing, hockey and soccer which create lots of casual acquaintances.
      • Multiple concussions Can bear fruit for life Brain damage
    • Symptoms:
    • Treatment:
      • Immediate and complete bed rest
      • The cure for mild pain depends on the severity Injury; However, never give medication without consulting a doctor
      • Apply ice to the wound site
      • Make a comprehensive Injury Evaluation (Evaluation of student response, verbal communication with athletes)
      • Always consult a doctor immediately as symptoms are sometimes delayed in onset and are often overlooked.
    • Prevention:
      • Because you can’t stop participating in a game just because there are risks involved, the best way to avoid connections is to wear protective headgear when participating in a communication game.
  10. Embrace the groin

    • Excessive running or jumping in sports such as football, hockey, basketball, volleyball and even racquet sports, Strain The upper thigh muscles that work to hold the legs together.
      • Reasons:
        • Excessive use
        • Sudden slip
        • Strain by overstretching the muscles
      • Symptoms:
        • Acute pain
        • Swelling
        • Wounds Inner thigh
      • Treatment:
        • Apply the RICE method immediately
        • Anti-inflammatory drugs after 24 hours
        • Before returning to sports, go through a stretching and strengthening program
        • Start pain-free activity for the muscles as soon as possible
      • Prevention:
        • Perform stretching and warm-up activities before participating in sports
        • Instead of diving into the head, the goal is to gradually increase the level of activity to ensure that the muscles are strong.




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What are the symptoms of a sports injury?

Sports injuries can cause:

  • Wounds
  • Strain
  • Sprain
  • Rips
  • Broken bones

Sports injuries can affect:

  • Muscle
  • Ligament
  • Tendon
  • Fascia
  • Bara

What are the 2 types of sports injuries?

There are two types of sports injuries. Almost all common sports injuries fall into the following two categories:

  1. Severe injury
    • These injuries occur suddenly Trauma.
    • Sprains, fractures, strains, ligament tears, and contusions Common examples.
  2. Chronic injury
    • These injuries can start as acute injuries that may not heal completely, or may result from training and tactical errors.
    • Continuous minor injuries can result in minor fractures (stress fractures), muscle tears, ligament tears, and other complications.

When to see a doctor for a sports injury

In many cases, home remedies can relieve the discomfort associated with sports injuries. When sports injuries heal, stretching, rest, ice or heat (whichever feels better), and anti-inflammatory drugs can help you continue your daily routine.

If your discomfort worsens or interferes with your daily activities, you should consult your doctor.

You should take care of the treatment in the following cases:

  • Difficulty carrying weight or lifting things
  • The experience of a collision near the head and the suspicion of an injury
  • Feeling unbalanced or dizzy
  • The pain did not subside for several weeks
  • Worried about your injury

The benefits of participating in sports and exercise far outweigh the risks of injury. Be sure to include a variety of workouts in your training plan to listen to your body, rest, and avoid serious injury.

The latest exercise and fitness news

Has been medically reviewed 4/20/2022

References

Image Source: iStock Image

Hebebrand K. The most common injury in sports. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/features/most-common-sports-injuries

American Academy of Family Physicians. General sports injury. https://familydoctor.org/common-sports-injuries/

Cleveland Clinic. Sports Injuries https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22093-sports-injuries

National Institute of Health. Sports Injuries https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/sports-injuries

University of Rochester Medical Center. Preventing sports injuries. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=85&contentid=P00935



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